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California is the most populous state in the United States, with a population of over 38 million. Four out of five people who live in California live along its coast!
The Spanish had claimed the area since 1542, but they didn't have much success colonizing it. The first permanent European settlement was established by the Spanish missionaries at Mission San Diego de Alcalá in 1769. The U.S. purchased California from Mexico after the Mexican-American War ended in 1848; California became an official territory on September 9th of 1850 with its capital at Monterey.
California is divided into 4 separate territories, including Utah Territory, Nevada Territory and New Mexico Territory.
The state of California is bordered by Oregon and Nevada to the north, Arizona to the east, and Mexico to the south (and Baja California).
California covers an area of 163,696 sq mi (423,970 km2), making it larger than France and Italy combined!
List of Largest Airports in California
Los Angeles International Airport (IATA code: LAX)
San Francisco International Airport (IATA code: SFO)
San Diego International Airport (Lindbergh Field) (IATA code: SAN)
Norman Y. Mineta San José International Airport (IATA code: SJC)
Oakland International Airport (IATA code: OAK)
Sacramento International Airport (IATA code: SMF)
California National Park and Trails
California is also home to some of America's most visited National Parks, including The Redwood National, Yosemite National Park and Death Valley National Park.
California's summer weather typically runs from April through October, during which time temperatures can reach as high as 110 degrees Fahrenheit (43 Celsius). The rest of the year is generally more moderate, with temperatures rarely falling below freezing during winter months (November through March).
The northern portion of the state gets about 3-4 times more rainfall than the southern portion. Rainfall tends to be highest between October and May, with some areas getting up to 50 inches in that period! Fall is also known for being a rainy season, but not as much as winter or spring. Winter is when most of California's precipitation falls—and especially in San Francisco (which gets about 47 inches each year). Summer is drier overall with average temperatures ranging from 70 degrees F (21 C) in July to 55 F (13 C) in August.
California Time Zones
Latitude 32°32′ N to 42° N
Longitude 114°8′ W to 124°26′ W
California Satellite Map
California Colorful Map
California Terrain Map
California Interactive Map
Where is Located California in the US
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